Since early 2015, peace negotiations have occurred irregularly between representatives of the Libyan institutions in Tripoli and Tobruk, while fighting continued. These political initiatives have not resulted in a permanent ceasefire due to several factors. Key factors include local spoilers refusing to commit to the peace process, national institutions lacking the power to impose their authority on controlled territories, and external powers interfering in internal affairs. In August a new ceasefire has removed the sense of impending conflict and could open up space for a revived political process. The political leaders of east and west Libya have effectively signed up to a UN plan for a demilitarised zone (DMZ) around the contested city of Sirte. In recent weeks many diplomatic initiatives overlap but Europe seems to play a secondary role.
How can the EU contribute to a lasting solution to the crisis that is in its own interest?
Arturo Varvelli, Head of ECFR Rome
Michael Schaeffer, Country Representative for Libya, World Bank
Luca Gori, Principal Director for the Mediterranean and Middle East, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Federica Saini Fasanotti, Brookings Institute
Mattia Giampaolo, Pan-European Fellow at European Council on Foreign Relation (ECFR) and Researcher at CeSPI
Aurélien Del Fiol, First Secretary, foreign policy advisor, Embassy of France
In collaboration with Rome Office European Council on Foreign Relation (ECFR)
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